New York State
Motorist Fact Sheet
A new vehicle
inspection program is being introduced across New York State
to decrease the emissions from motor vehicles and to reduce
air pollution. The New York Vehicle Inspection Program (NYVIP)
is designed to assist New York State comply with federal Clean
Air Act requirements by including a new on-board diagnostic
test (OBD II) for most 1996 and newer vehicles (light duty
vehicles with a registered weight less than 8,501 pounds).
This test will monitor the emissions control systems of
applicable vehicles as part of the required annual vehicle
inspection. The NYVIP program is a joint venture of the New
York State Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) and the New York
State Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC).
How does the
driver know there is a problem?
If a potential
problem is detected, the vehicle’s on-board computer
illuminates a dashboard light that states either “Service
Engine Soon,” “Check Engine,” or simply a symbol of an engine.
This light, also referred to as the Malfunction Indicator Lamp
(MIL), informs the driver that a problem has been detected and
vehicle service is needed.
How can a vehicle fail the
There are five
possible reasons or ways to fail an OBD inspection:
The MIL fails
to light when the ignition key is in the on position and the
engine is not running. This will be displayed as “Key On
Engine Off: FAIL” on the receipt.
The MIL stays
on when the ignition key is in the on position and the
engine is running. This will be displayed as “Key On Engine
Running: FAIL” on the receipt.
computer has commanded the MIL to light.
testing equipment cannot communicate with the vehicle’s
computer. This will be displayed as “OBD Communications
Failed” on the receipt.
There are too
many Readiness monitors reported as “Not Ready.” The
specific monitors that are not ready will be listed on the
of the reasons above...
The purpose of the MIL bulb
check (when the ignition key is in the on position and the
engine is not running) is to see if the MIL can illuminate.
If it cannot light, there is no way for the system to alert
the operator of the problem.
When the MIL
stays on (when the ignition key is in the on position and
the engine is running), the on-board computer is indicating
a potential emissions-related problem with the vehicle.
computer has detected a problem and has signaled the
Malfunction Indicator Lamp to light to alert the operator.
portion of the inspection could not be properly completed.
system has not completed its tests of the various components
and systems it monitors to be able to make a determination
of their condition.
should do if your vehicle failed...
For items 1
through 4, you should consult a qualified, trained service
technician equipped with the appropriate diagnostic and repair
equipment to perform OBD related service. For item 5, you
should refer to your vehicle owner’s manual for OBD/Readiness
Driving Procedures or drive your vehicle in a normal fashion
both at highway cruising speed and “stop and go” driving for a
week before getting the vehicle re-inspection sticker is
expired, the testing equipment will issue you a 10-Day
Extension. You should plan to get the vehicle re-inspected
several days before the expiration of the 10-Day Extension, as
it will be only one issued.
How do I know
if my vehicle is covered under warranty?
requires that the emission control systems on 1995 and newer
model year vehicles be warranted for a minimum of 2 years or
24,000 miles. Additional warranty coverage for the on board
computer and catalytic converter is extended to 8 years or
80,000 miles for these same vehicles. Many automakers provide
extended warranty coverage beyond that required by law.
Depending on the model year and mileage of your vehicle,
emission system repairs may be covered by the manufacturer.
Consult your vehicle’s warranty documents or your vehicle
dealer for more information.